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Syracuse University, Department of Physics

Self-organized hyperuniformity in Nature Communications

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Structure factor, S(k), for a cyclically-sheared suspension of particles that are sedimenting under gravity. At high sedimentation speed (left image), nothing remarkable occurs. At low sedimentation speed (right image), density fluctuations vanish at long lengthscales.

Suspensions appear in a wide range of industrial settings, and dispersing particles in a uniform manner throughout a fluid is an important challenge. We studied how shear can be used to control the spatial distribution of particles that are settling under gravity in a viscous liquid. We discovered that at sufficiently low sedimentation speeds, extremely homogeneous mixtures are automatically obtained, without any fine tuning of the driving. See the paper here.

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Jordan Barrett wins NSF GRFP

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Undergraduate Jordan Barrett has been awarded a National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship. Congratulations, Jordan!

Splash-wrapping of droplets in Science

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A polystyrene sheet that is 1,000 times thinner than a human hair is impacted by a falling oil droplet. The end result is droplet encapsulated by a flexible sheet.

Thin elastic sheets make surprisingly good wrappers for liquid droplets: surface tension will spontaneously pull an ultrathin sheet around a droplet, all while making efficient use of the sheet (see for yourself in this short video clip by Science Magazine). The wrapper can be used for a variety of tasks: it provides a strong barrier for protecting the liquid cargo, it can deform the droplet into predictable shapes, and it provides a platform for adding a chemical pattern. But creating many such droplets requires a rapid and scalable process. A new technique uses droplet impact on a floating polymer film to achieve a tidy wrapping in a fraction of a second. The experiments were carried out by Deepak Kumar and Joseph Paulsen at UMass Amherst, and the results are published here.

Lab YouTube channel

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A new Paulsen Lab YouTube channel features video clips of liquid droplets and thin elastic sheets. Current content is from recent work done at UMass Amherst and UChicago, plus an interview by the Syracuse University College of Arts & Sciences. More clips coming soon!

Geometry-driven folding in PRL

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A thin polymer film with an annular shape that is floating on water. As the surface tension pulling on the outer edge is lowered, the sheet forms wrinkles and then two folds. The sheet is 394 nm thick and 16 mm wide.

Wrinkles are all around us — on hanging curtains, the skin of drying fruit, or a surprised forehead. The more a material is squished, the deeper and taller the wrinkles become, until they collapse into a fold. Typically, this process depends strongly on the materials in question, for example the thickness of the skin, or the softness of the flesh underneath. However, we show that a wrinkle-to-fold transition may be affected only by the shape of the compressed object, rather than by any mechanical properties! Continue reading “Geometry-driven folding in PRL”

New postdoc

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The group welcomes postdoctoral researcher Yousra Timounay. Yousra comes from the groups of Florence Rouyer and Elise Lorenceau at the Navier Laboratory in Paris, France. Welcome, Yousra!

CAREER award

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The Paulsen Group has received a CAREER award from the National Science Foundation for a project titled: “Ultrathin sheets on curved liquid surfaces: Stress focusing and interfacial assembly”. Continue reading “CAREER award”

Grant from American Chemical Society

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The Paulsen Group was recently awarded a “Doctoral New Investigator” grant from the ACS Petroleum Research Fund, for a project titled: “Hyperuniform Dispersal of Non-Brownian Particles in Viscous Liquids”. See a video profile here. Continue reading “Grant from American Chemical Society”

Curved wrinkles in the news

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A thin polymer film floating on water, poked from beneath. As seen in profile (bottom), the overall shape of the sheet is curved. The wavelengths of the wrinkles are strongly influenced by the local curvature.

Recent work on wrinkles in curved topographies was highlighted in a UMass Amherst press release, which was picked up here and here.

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